In 1989 the UK Oral Snuff (Safety) Regulations were passed in response to the introduction of the moist snuff marketed as ‘Skoal Bandits’. This ban was quashed on appeal by the manufacturer. In the EU, Directive 92/41 banned sales of snus, to harmonise rules in that three member states had already banned tobacco for oral use. In 1994, on accession to the EU, Sweden obtained an exemption from the ban. In 2001 the Tobacco Products Directive continued the ban. The ban was also continued in the 2014 Tobacco Products Directive.